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Title: Quantification of social economic deprivations of squatter settlement's inhabitants: a case study of Lahore
Authors: Rukhsana Kalim
Sheraz Ahmad Bhatty
Keywords: Socio Economic Deprivations
Squatter Settlement’s Inhabitants
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: 6th Global Conference on Business and Economic, October 15-17, 2006, USA
Abstract: In Pakistan the gravity of the issue of urbanization is as severe as in any other country of third world. The growth rate of urban population is rising day by bay and decade by decade. For example the share of urban population had reached at 32.5 percent (of total population) in1998 as compared to the 28.3 percent in 1981 and 17.8 percent in 1951. At the same time the growth of the existing population also requires more housing facilities. With little financial resources, the drastic option of illegally occupying a vacant piece of land to build a rudimentary shelter is the only choice available to the people who choose to live in big cities. This phenomenon causes the emergence of squatter settlement (Katchi Abadis). Socio-economic conditions of the inhabitants of these squatter settlements are quite different from those of normal settlements. Keeping in view the existing literature, still there is a need to conduct an in-depth study on the socio economic deprivations of residents of squatter settlements (Katchi Abadis). In the present study an effort has been made to quantify the socio economic issues. For this purpose Socio Economic Opportunity Index (SEOI) is established to evaluate the level of deprivation of inhabitants of squatter settlements. The Index is made by redefining and reconstructing the variables used in the Poverty of Opportunity Index (POPI) presented in Human Development in South Asia Report, 1998. In SEOI four important variables; income, health, education and housing are taken into account. Lahore, being the mega city of 5 million population size and having 227 squatter settlements (Katchi Abadis) in it, is targeted for the study purpose. Primary data is collected from 240 households in 11 squatter settlements (Katchi Abadis) via developing a questionnaire. Stratified random sampling technique is used to determine the sample squatter settlement (Katchi Abadis) and representative households. To see the total effect of various deprivations, Atkinson formula is used. The results of Socio Economic Opportunity Index (SEOI) show that 65.6% population of the squatter settlement is deprived of basic social and economic opportunities thus necessitating the support of the government to these inhabitants.
ISBN: 0-9742114-6-X
Appears in Collections:Department of Economics

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