Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2362
Title: An acoustic phonetic study of six accents of Urdu in Pakistan
Authors: Farooq, Mahwish
Keywords: Balochi
Pashto
M.Phil Thesis
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: University of Management and Technology Lahore
Abstract: Urdu is a lingua franca, an official language (Mahmood, 2004) and the mother tongue of only 7.5% population in Pakistan (Zia, 2011). The present study deals with an acoustic phonetic analysis which is conducted for finding out the accent variation in Pakistani Urdu. As, we know, Pakistan is a multilingual country therefore the purpose of the research is to analyze the influence of the other languages on Urdu. This research is based on quantitative methodology. The list of the 139 district names has been used as a corpus. The recording of the utterances by the speakers of Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashto and Saraiki languages have been collected by developing a system for online data collection. 30 Volunteers of each language have been enrolled to provide recordings for speech corpus. The corner vowels from the utterances have been evaluated by comparing them with the acoustic properties. Accent differences are acoustic manifestations of differences in duration, pitch, intonation pattern and of course the difference in phonetic transcription (Yan & Vaseghi, 2002). As this is the first step in the work of an acoustic phonetic study of Urdu accents therefore only variations of vowels have been identified by measuring the formant frequencies manually in PRAAT software. The preliminary analysis of first and second formant frequencies showed the differences in the characteristics of vowels. This research has verified that the formant frequencies of the vowels (uttered by the speakers of six major languages) show differences and variations across phonetic context. This is due to the fact that Urdu is the second or third language for Pakistani speakers (Rehman, 2002). It has also verified that some utterances are showing more similar values of formant frequencies (of the speakers‟ utterances) than the others e.g. the formant frequencies in the utterances of Urdu and Punjabi speakers while the other showing more variant and dissimilar formant tendencies as in the case of Urdu, Punjabi and Sindhi language speakers‟ utterances.
Description: Supervised by: Prof. Dr. Sarmad Hussain
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2362
Appears in Collections:Department of English Language and Literature

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